Monthly Triathlon Training Advice
How much time between triathlon races do you need? This guide explains how to recover, train and race at your best every time.
If you love triathlons, it can be very tempting to enter lots of events during the race season.
However, every triathlon you do takes a while to recover from. And if you enter too many, too close together, you won't give your body a chance to recuperate. Meaning you'll go from one race to the next, feeling stale, sore and tired.
In this blog I want to show you how long it takes to recover after a triathlon. And I'll give you some tips on how to recover and train between your races,
Recovery between triathlons depends on three things:
1. The length of the race
2. Your triathlon fitness and experience
3. How effectively you paced yourself on race day
Let's talk about each of these three factors individually:
1. The length of the race
The shorter the race, the quicker you'll recover afterwards. So if you race a sprint distance triathlon you might recover in a week.
Whereas if you race an IRONMAN 140.6, you might expect a longer recovery period such as a month.
You'll experience most tiredness in the first 48 hours after your race, so there is no benefit to training during this period while your muscles are sore and your body is tired. The best recovery straight after a race is total rest.
After the first 48 hours (or more) of acute fatigue, you'll start to feel more normal. But not quite fresh enough to resume full blown training. During this phase you'll experience a less intense, but longer lasting kind of fatigue. And it's better to train at a low intensity until you're fully recovered. This helps you stay fit AND recover from your race. If you train too hard during this phase you'll only increase your recovery time.
Recovery From A Sprint Distance Triathlon
Typical Recovery Time: 7 to 10 days.
Recovery From An Olympic Distance Triathlon
Typical Recovery Time: 10 to 14 days.
Recovery From An Ironman 70.3 Triathlon
Typical Recovery Time: 14 to 28 days.
Recovery From An Ironman 140.6 Triathlon
Typical Recovery Time: 21 days plus.
2. What difference does your fitness make to triathlon race recovery times?
If you've read the advice above, you'll now have some idea of how long it takes to recover from a triathlon. It's also worth remembering that these time-frames rely partly on your fitness and experience.
For example, a professional triathlete might race at their best for three consecutive weekends in a row. Whereas an experienced amateur might need a two week gap between races to perform well. And a beginner might need a four week gap to recover and get race-ready again.
It's important to consider your own level when you're planning your season or setting race-goals.
3. What difference does pacing make to triathlon race recovery times?
If you want to recover quickly from a triathlon, you need to pace yourself sensibly on race day. That doesn't mean doing a slower time. It simply means pacing your effort evenly throughout rather than going too hard in the first half of the race. This usually leads to faster race times.
Pacing is not such a major factor when recovering from a sprint-distance triathlon. Chances are you'll recover in 7-10 days regardless.
However, pacing is a moderate-sized deal in an Olympic triathlon. And a BIG DEAL for Ironman 70.3 or Ironman 140.6 events.
If you pace yourself optimally on race day, you will a) Race Faster and b) Recover Quicker.
Whereas if you race too hard, your legs will eventually get sore, which will impede your ability to continue cycling and running fast.
Racing too hard also impedes your body's ability to digest things like energy drinks and energy gels. So it's a double whammy of bad news - sore legs AND a belly full of energy drinks and gels all sloshing around, not being digested.
You should treat each discipline of a triathlon as part of a bigger race. So if an Olympic distance triathlon takes you around 3 hours, you need to swim, bike and run like you're in a 3 hour race. Not like you're in three separate short races.
For more information about pacing read my blog post about pacing an Ironman 70,3 race. And my three separate blogs about pacing an Ironman 140.6 swim, bike and run.
If you want to perform well at your key races, you'll need to give yourself enough time to recover fully from any previous events.
Recovery time depends on the race distance, your fitness and how effectively you paced your effort during your previous race.
If you want a flexible triathlon training plan with intelligent taper and recovery periods, check out our 200+ plans by Coach Phil Mosley, all with email coach access.
Coach Phil Mosley Training Tips Blog
Train Smart. Race Hard.
Phil Mosley is a triathlon coach and triathlon magazine writer.
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